Orthognathic surgery in Columbia, MD is jaw surgery used to correct irregularities of your jaw bones and other abnormalities of your facial bones. Its purpose is to realign your jaws and teeth to improve your appearance and to improve how well your jaws and teeth work. In other words, orthognathic surgery is performed to help align your upper and lower jaws when they don’t line up correctly.
Orthognathic surgery is considered a major surgery and it can disrupt your life for several weeks to several months and it could be up to a year before your jaw heals completely.
Different Types of Jaw Problems Requiring Orthognathic Surgery
- Birth defects affecting the jaws
- Open bite
- Cleft lip and palate
- Pierre Robin sequence
Issues Created by Jaw Problems
- Growth disturbances
- Facial fractures
- Temporal mandibular joint disorder (TMJ)
- Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
The Five Types of Orthognathic Surgery (Jaw Surgery)
There are five common types of orthognathic surgery in Columbia, MD.
1. Bimaxillary Osteotomy
Bimaxillary osteotomy, also known as double jaw surgery, is performed when you have a problem that is affecting both your jaws.
2. Maxillary Osteotomy
Maxillary osteotomy is performed when your upper jaw is sticking out too much or too little. This surgery is also performed to correct a crossbite or an open bite.
3. Mandibular Osteotomy
Mandibular osteotomy is performed when your lower jaw is sticking out too much or too little.
4. Genioplasty Surgery
Genioplasty surgery is performed to help correct a receding chin. It is also sometimes performed with a mandibular osteotomy for a receding lower jaw.
5. Jaw Wiring
Jaw wiring is a procedure that is used to reposition your jaw. It’s also used to provide jaw support in the event you break your jaw, or your jaw is fractured.
Is Orthognathic Surgery Safe?
Generally, orthognathic surgery is safe if it’s performed by an experienced, well-trained surgeon. However, there is some risk of complications.
Here are some of the risks associated with orthognathic surgery.
- Blood loss
- Nerve injury
- Damaged teeth
- Postoperative malocclusion
- Skeletal relapse
- TMJ joint degeneration or pain
- Fracture at the sagittal split osteotomy area
Do You Need an Orthodontic Surgeon in Columbia, MD?
If you need an orthodontic surgeon in Columbia, MD, or any of the surrounding areas, please Contact Saini Orthodontics today. We have been providing orthodontic services in this area for more than 50 years. And we blend the latest advanced technology with our years of personalized experience to provide you with the highest quality dental care available.